John Keats concept of beauty
“A thing of beauty is joy forever” the opening lines of his Endymion shows Keats love for beauty. Being an ardent lover of beauty John Keats’s poems reflect his intensely passionate love for all that is beautiful, irrespective of whether that beauty belongs to art, nature or humans. He is one of the most sensuous English poets because beauty is one of the major hallmarks of his poetry. It was to exhibit this love for beauty that Keats had to lend a touch of sensuousness to his poetry.
Keats carves those Deeper meanings in beauty that pertain to intellect and spirit. For that, he tries to find out the truth in beauty and beauty in truth as apparent from the Grecian Urn which is not only in object of sculptural beauty, the beauty of making forms carving wood, casting metal, etc. But also in object of artistic truth. So he is right when he says that with a great poet the sense of Beauty overcomes every other consideration. An Ode to Autumn the season of mellow fruitfulness leads to a joyous contemplation of beauty. It awakens no romantic vision, it satisfies all senses but intoxicates none.
This ode enables Keats to achieve the maturity of negative capability the tendency which may be called the Shakespearean strain of interesting himself with that he saw heard he achieved the ability to present a scene vividly to a large extent with concrete objectivity as for instant in the ode on a Grecian Urn and the Ode To Autumn.
The negative capability is directly related to the concept of beauty and truth Keats wanted to like Shakespeare to accept the world of men and women accept all things in all moods from loathing and disgust to exaltation and serenity. He wants to reveal the beauty of life in life, to realize in his own work the principle that truth is beauty and beauty truth negative capability is closely related to the ability to perceive beauty with a great poet the sense of Beauty overcomes every other consideration. Beauty has a deep meaning for John Keats. John Keats from the very beginning of his career was conscious of his goal of the achievement of negative capability in which attitude to good and evil are balanced and seen against a wider perspective. John Keats apparently possessed this quality in himself the ability to take part in the existence of even a sparrow and pick about the gravel.
In the Ode on Melancholy Keats inters so completely into what he is describing that the identification of both the poet and the experience becomes complete the aesthetic beauty. This not in escape from but in acceptance of this world of bitter truth this is in contrast with the immortal beauty of art and the fleeting reality of human life. However, the mortal experience of life with all its pains is most satisfying in the site of immortal art on the Grecian Urn. The concept of beauty according to Keats is the immortality and art as he says, “beauty is truth, truth beauty that is all/ye know on earth and that is all we really need to know” here beauty means art and mortality.