Past Indefinite Tense (  فعل ماضی مطلق)

Past Indefinite Tense

Past Indefinite Tense (  فعل ماضی مطلق)

Introduction(تعارف):

Agar kisi Sentence mein kam ka karna ya hona “Past Tense” mein paya jaye means agar kisi “فعل” ka Amal  guzrey hwey zamaney mein start ho kar issi zamaney mein khatam hojaye tu aisey sentences ko Past Indefinite Tense (  فعل ماضی مطلق) mein shumar kia jata hai.

 

Identification(پہچان):

Past Indefinite Tense Urdu sentences  mein  pehchan ye he keh sentence key last mein “يا تھا” , “يے تھے” , “يي تھيں” , “يا, يے, يي ” etc Aatey hein.

Example: Main ney milk piya tha, Hum ney match hara tha, Mein ney ek sanp dekha tha, Uss ney mera Qalam churaya tha etc.

Structure (بناوٹ):

Past Indefinite Tense (  فعل ماضی مطلق) key sentences ki translate karne ke lie har kisam ki Subject ke sath “Verb” ki dosri halat (2nd form) use ki jati hai. Khwah Singular ho ya plural.

Examples:

                              URDU                       ENGLISH
Mein ney match jeeta tha. We won the match.
Mein ney Milk piya tha. I drank milk.

 

Hammad ney mera qalam churaya tha. Hammad stole my pen.
Tum ney Inam hasil kia tha. You got the prize.

 

Negative Sentences:

Past Indefinite Tense key sentences ko Negative bananey k lie Subject key bad aor Verb ki first form sey pehley “did not” lagaya jata hai. Yaad rakhe “did” key bad Verb ki first form use hoti hai.

Examples:

                              URDU                       ENGLISH
Wo nhi Aya. He did not come.
Haris nahi kheila. Haris did not play.
Uss ney mujhe kahani nahi sunayi. He did not tell me a story.
Tum ney mujhe Qalam nahi dia. You did not give me a pen.

 

Interrogative Sentences:

Past Indefinite Tense key sentences ko interrogative bananey k lie “Subject” sey pehle “did” Laga diya jata hai. Aor Subject ke bad  Verb ki 1st  form lagaya jayega. aor tamam interrogative sentences key last mein ye nishan (?) lagaya jata hai.

Examples:

                              URDU                       ENGLISH
Kia Uzma ney khaya? Did Uzma eat?
Kia Jibran ney piya? Did jibran drink?
Kia Zafar ney murgha khaya? Did Zafar eat the chicken?
Kia Farhan ney likha? Did Farhan write?

 

Revision (گردان):

               URDU         ENGLISH                URDU         ENGLISH
Mein ghar nahi gya. I did not go home. Mein ney khat likha.  I wrote a letter.
Kia mein ghar nahi gya? Did I not go home? Kia mein ney khat likha? Did I write a letter?
Mein ne khat nahi likha. I did not write a letter. Tum ney chai pee. You took tea.
Kia mein ney khat nahi likha? Did I not wite a letter? Kia Arshad ney khana khaya? Did Arshad eat meal?
Tum ney chai nahi pee . You did not take tea. Wo nahi aya. He did not come.
Mein ghar gya. I went home. Kia wo nahi aya? Did he not come?
Kia mein ghar gya?. Did I go home? Ap ney khana nahi khaya. You did not eat meal.

 

 

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