Past Perfect Continuous Tense (فعل ماضی مکمل جاري)

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense (فعل ماضی مکمل جاري)

Introduction(تعارف):

Past Perfect Continuous Tense  aisey kamon mein use hota hai jo  Zamana Mazi (Past Tense)  mein kisi Muqarar wakt (Point of Time) ya Muqarar Muddat (period of time) sey start ho aor khatam hojaye. Aisey sentences mein Lazmi 2 wakt bayan kie jatey hain 1(Period of time) and 2(Point of time).

Examples: Ek ghantey sey barish horhi thi, Mein 2 baje sey kheil raha tha, Wo Subha sey parh rahi thi etc.

Identification(پہچان):

Past Perfect Continuous Tense key Urdu sentences  mein  pehchan ye he keh sentence key last mein “رہا تھا” , “رہي تھي” , “رہے  تھے” , “رہي تھيں”, “تا رہا  تھا” , “   تي رہي تھي” , “  تے رہے تھے” , etc.   atey hain. Lekin aisey sentences mein lazmi tor par Muqarar wakt (Point of Time) yaa Muqarar Muddat (period of time) zaror bayan kiya jayega.

Examples: Wo 5 baje sey hockey kheil rahe they, Hum 3 dinon sey tv dekh arhe they, Tum soraj nikalney sey pehley naha chukey they, iskey elawa “تا رہا” , “تي رہي” , “تے رہے” etc bhi.

Structure (بناوٹ):

Past Perfect Continuous Tense (فعل ماضی مکمل جاري) ki sentences translate karne key lie Verb ki first form key sath “ing” ka izafa kia jata hai aor iss sey pehle “Had BEEN” lagaya jata hai.  Jesey “Had been reading”, “Had been reading”. Verb ke foran bad  1(Period of time) and 2(Point of time) use karte hai. Jo time exact maloom na ho wo “Period of time”  hota hai iss halat mein Verb ke bad “for” use karte hai. Aor jo time exact maloom ho uss halat mein Verb ke bad “Since” use karte hain.

Examples:

                              URDU                       ENGLISH
Arshad 2 ghanto sey parh raha tha. Arshad had been studying for two hours.
Mein 2 baje sey kheil raha tha. I had been playing since 2’O clock.

 

Ek ghante sey barish horhi thi. It had been raining for one hour.
Hum subha sey gana ga rahe they. We had been singing since morning.

 

Negative Sentences:

Past Perfect continuous Tense key sentences ko Negative bananey k lie Helping “had been”  ke darmyan “not” lagaya jata. Jesy “had not been”.

Examples:

                              URDU                       ENGLISH
Ek ghante sey barish nahi horhi thi. It had not been raining for one hour.
Hum subha sey gana nahi gaa rahe thein . We had not been singing since morning.
Rakhshanda 2 ghanto se nahi parh rahi thi. Rakhshanda had not been studying  for  two hours.
Mien  2 bajey sey nahi khel raha tha. I had not been playing since 2,O clock.

 

Interrogative Sentences:

“Past Perfect  continuous Tense”  key sentences ko interrogative bananey k lie “Subject” sey pehle “Had” Laga diya jata hai. “Subject” ke bad been lagaya jata hai Aor baqi same verb+ing laga diya jata hai aor tamam interrogative sentences key last mein ye nishan (?) lagaya jata hai.

Examples:

                              URDU                       ENGLISH
Kia Haleema 2 ghanto sey parh rahi thi? Had Haleema been studying for 2 hours?
Kia Ek ghante sey barish horhi thi? Had it been raining for two hours?
Kia hum subha sey gana gaa rahe thein? Had  we been singing a song since morning?
Kia Sameena 2 baje sey kheil rahi thi? Had Sameena been playing since 2’O clock?

Revision (گردان):

               URDU         ENGLISH                URDU         ENGLISH
Mien 2 ghanto sey nahi parh raha tha . I had not been studying for 2 hours. Tum 5 baje sey ro rahe they. You had been weeping since 5’O clock.
Mien 2 ghanto sey parh raha tha. I had been studying for two hours. Tum 5 baje sey nahi ro rahe they. You had not been weeping since 5’O clock.
Kia mein 2 ghanto sey nahi parh raha tha? Had I not been studying for two hours? Kia Tum 5 Baje se ro rahe they? Had you been weeping since 5’O clock?
Kia mein 2 ghanto sey parh raha tha? Had I been studying for 2 hours? Taniya Subha sey lecture de rahi thi. Taniya had been delivering a lecture since morning.
Hum subha sey gana nahi gaa rahe thein. We had not been singing a song since morning? Naeem 3 baje sey nahi parh raha tha. Naeem had not been studying since 3’O clock.
Hum subha sey gana gaa rahe thein. We had been singing a song since morning. Kia Zarmeena 8 din se kheil rahi thi? Had Zarmeena been playing for 8 days?

 

 

 

 

2 Comments on “Past Perfect Continuous Tense (فعل ماضی مکمل جاري)”

    1. 1. wo kupry doh kr nachod rhy the
      (She washes and squeezed her clothes.)
      2. wo likhty likhty thuk chuka tha .
      (He was tired of writing.)

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